The 9 dark personality traits of narcissists, psychopaths, and sociopaths — and what they mean

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If someone has one dark personality trait, they are more likely to have another. That’s according to a new study, which found that if you have something called the „D-factor,“ you tend to put your own needs about anyone else’s — even if your actions are damaging to others.

People with any of the nine dark personality traits may belong to the Dark Tetrad. Colloquially, these people are known as sadists, narcissists, psychopaths, and sociopaths. But having some of the traits doesn’t necessarily mean you have an antisocial personality disorder.

In fact, most people are on the psychopathy spectrum somewhere. And much of what people believe about people with dark personality traits isn’t necessarily true. They aren’t all obsessed with murder and hurting people. They just simply might not fret about it as much if they do cause someone else harm.

Here are the nine traits that are considered dark and what they mean. Remember, having one means it’s more likely to have another too.


This is the excessive need to put your own needs first at the expense of others. In philosophy, egoism means one’s self is the motivation and goal of all their actions.


Named after infamous Italian diplomat Niccolò Machiavelli, it is the belief that the end justifies the means, no matter how manipulative or callous. In short, someone who has Machiavellianism is a master manipulator, and anyone who allows themselves to be used probably deserves it.

Moral disengagement

Someone who can morally disengage from a situation can convince themselves normal ethical standards don’t apply to them in certain contexts. This means they can behave unethically without worrying about the consequences.

See the rest of the story at Business Insider
Source: Business insider

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